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Proceedings Paper

Holographic elements and curved slit used to enlarge field of view in rocket detection system
Author(s): Mélanie Breton; Jean Fortin; Roger A. Lessard; Marc Châteauneuf
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Paper Abstract

Rocket detection over a wide field of view is an important issue in the protection of light armored vehicle. Traditionally, the detection occurs in UV band, but recent studies have shown the existence of significant emission peaks in the visible and near infrared at rocket launch time. The use of the visible region is interesting in order to reduce the weight and cost of systems. Current methods to detect those specific peaks involve use of interferometric filters. However, they fail to combine wide angle with wavelength selectivity. A linear array of volume holographic elements combined with a curved exit slit is proposed for the development of a wide field of view sensor for the detection of solid propellant motor launch flash. The sensor is envisaged to trigger an active protection system. On the basis of geometric theory, a system has been designed. It consists of a collector, a linear array of holographic elements, a curved slit and a detector. The collector is an off-axis parabolic mirror. Holographic elements are recorded subdividing a hologram film in regions, each individually exposed with a different incidence angle. All regions have a common diffraction angle. The incident angle determines the instantaneous field of view of the elements. The volume hologram performs the function of separating and focusing the diffracted beam on an image plane to achieve wavelength filtering. Conical diffraction property is used to enlarge the field of view in elevation. A curved slit was designed to correspond to oblique incidence of the holographic linear array. It is situated at the image plane and filters the diffracted spectrum toward the sensor. The field of view of the design was calculated to be 34 degrees. This was validated by a prototype tested during a field trial. Results are presented and analyzed. The system succeeded in detecting the rocket launch flash at desired fields of view.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6343, Photonics North 2006, 63433L (8 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.708024
Show Author Affiliations
Mélanie Breton, Defense Research and Development Canada (Canada)
Jean Fortin, Defense Research and Development Canada (Canada)
Roger A. Lessard, Univ. Laval (Canada)
Marc Châteauneuf, Defense Research and Development Canada (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6343:
Photonics North 2006
Pierre Mathieu, Editor(s)

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