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Proceedings Paper

Modeling photopolymers for holographic data storage applications
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Paper Abstract

The Nonlocal Polymerization Driven Diffusion model, NPDD, is can be used to describe holographic grating formation in Acrylamide-based photopolymer. The free radical chain polymerization process results in polymer being generated nonlocal both in space and time to the point of chain initiation. Temporal nonlocality can be used to describepost exposure dark effects. Nonlinear response and the effects of dye bleaching have been examined. Both primary and bimolecular chain termination mechanisms have been included and examined. Recently 3-D, and inhibition effects have also been included. In this paper we review of our recent work. It is shown that temporal effects become most notable for short exposres and the inclusion of the nonlocal temporal response function is shown to be necessary to accurately describe the process. In particular, brief post exposure self-amplification of the refractive index modulation is noted. This is attributed to continued chain growth for a brief period after exposure. Following this a slight decay in the grating amplitude also occurs. This we believe is due to the continued diffusion of monomer after exposure. Since the sinusoidal recording pattern generates a monomer concentration gradient during the recording process monomer diffusion occurs both during and after exposure. The evolution of the refractive index modulation is determined by the respective refractive index values of the recording material components. From independent measurements it is noted that the refractive index value of the monomer is slightly less than that of the background material. Therefore as monomer diffuses back into the dark regions, a reduction in overall refractive index modulation occurs. Volume changes occurring within the material also affect the nature of grating evolution. To model these effects we employ a free volume concept. Due to the fact that the covalent single carbon bond in the polymer is up to 50% shorter than the van der Waals bond in the liquid monomer state, free volume is created when monomer is converted to polymer. For each bond conversion we assume a hole is generated which then collapses at some characteristic rate constant. The Lorentz-Lorenz relation is used to determine the overall evolution refractive index modulation and the corresponding diffraction efficiency of the resulting grating is calculated using Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis (RCWA). The Lorentz-Lorenz relation is used to determine the overall evolution refractive index modulation and the corresponding diffraction efficiency of the resulting grating is calculated using Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis (RCWA). Inhibition is typically observed at the start of grating growth during which the formation of polymer chains is suppressed. In this paper experiments are reported, carried out with the specific aim of understanding of these processes. The results support our description of the inhibition process in an PVA/Acrylamide based photopolymer and can be used to predict behaviour under certain conditions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6343, Photonics North 2006, 634332 (8 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.707941
Show Author Affiliations
John T. Sheridan, Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)
John V. Kelly, Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)
Michael R. Gleeson, Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)
Ciara E. Close, Univ. College Dublin (Ireland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6343:
Photonics North 2006
Pierre Mathieu, Editor(s)

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