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Proceedings Paper

Flexible photocell array based on bacteriorhodopsin film
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Paper Abstract

A bendable photocell array that exploits bioelectronic photoreceptors based on bacteriorhodopsin (bR) is described in this paper. Fabricating such a sensor array on a flexible plastic substrate introduces a new design approach that enables lightweight and durable non-planar sensing devices to be created with curved or spherical geometries. In this research, purple membrane patches obtained from wild-type bR are deposited onto a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrate coated with a patterned ITO layer using Electrophoretic Sedimentation (EPS) technique. The current prototype consists of a flexible 4x4 pixel array and an amplification circuit that magnifies the small electrical signal arising from the charge displacement and recombination within the dried bR film. Each individual pixel is a 2mm x 2mm square separated by a 1mm distance between neighboring elements. The measured photoelectric response of an individual pixel is approximately linear over the light power range between 200μW and 12mW. These bR photocells respond primarily to visible light with a spectral peak response at 568nm. The response times of the photoelectric signals can reach up to the microsecond range. Preliminary tests have demonstrated that photoresponse characteristics are maintained while the flexible substrate is deformed up to a 10mm bending radius. Unfortunately, dried bR photocells are inherently susceptible to electrical noise because of their extremely high film resistance, necessitating the employment of a noise-filtering amplifier. The image processing capabilities of bR are demonstrated in a motion detection application. Specifically, Reichardt's delay-and-correlate algorithm is implemented and is used to detect both the speed and direction of a moving light spot.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 2006
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6343, Photonics North 2006, 63432X (8 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.707730
Show Author Affiliations
Wei Wei Wang, The Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)
George K. Knopf, The Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)
Amarjeet S. Bassi, The Univ. of Western Ontario (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6343:
Photonics North 2006
Pierre Mathieu, Editor(s)

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