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Proceedings Paper

Novel oral applications of ultra-short laser pulses
Author(s): V. Wieger; J. Wernisch; E. Wintner
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Paper Abstract

In the past decades, many efforts have been made to replace mechanical tools in oral applications by various laser systems. The reasons therefore are manifold: i) Friction causes high temperatures damaging adjacent tissue. ii) Smear layers and rough surfaces are produced. iii) Size and shape of traditional tools are often unsuitable for geometrically complicated incisions and for minimum invasive treatment. iv) Mechanical damage of the remaining tissue occurs. v) Online diagnosis for feedback is not available. Different laser systems in the µs and sub-&mrg;s-pulse regime, among them Erbium lasers, have been tested in the hope to overcome the mentioned drawbacks and, to some extent, they represent the current state of the art with respect to commercial and hence practical application. In the present work the applicability of scanned ultrashort pulse lasers (USPLs) for biological hard tissue as well as dental restoration material removal was tested. It is shown that cavities with features superior to mechanically treated or Erbium laser ablated cavities can be generated if appropriate scan algorithms and optimum laser parameters are matched. Smooth cavity rims, no microcracks, melting or carbonisation and precise geometry are the advantages of scanned USLP ablation. For bone treatment better healing conditions are expected as the natural structure remains unaffected by the preparation procedure. The novelty of this work is represented by a comprehensive compilation of various experimental results intended to assess the performance of USPLs. In this context, various pulse durations in the picosecond and femtosecond regime were applied to dental and bone tissue as well as dental restoration materials which is considered to be indispensable for a complete assessment. Parameters like ablation rates describing the efficiency of the ablation process, and ablation thresholds were determined - some of them for the first time - and compared to the corresponding Erbium values. The morphology of the tissue surfaces remaining after laser preparation was investigated and the surface roughness was evaluateded. Selective ablation was stressed and the temperature impact induced by USPLs was analyzed. Due to the limited space only a selection of results can be presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2007
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6460, Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers VII, 64600B (13 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.706838
Show Author Affiliations
V. Wieger, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)
J. Wernisch, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)
E. Wintner, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6460:
Commercial and Biomedical Applications of Ultrafast Lasers VII
Joseph Neev; Stefan Nolte; Alexander Heisterkamp; Christopher B. Schaffer, Editor(s)

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