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Proceedings Paper

Forensics for flatbed scanners
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Paper Abstract

Within this article, we investigate possibilities for identifying the origin of images acquired with flatbed scanners. A current method for the identification of digital cameras takes advantage of image sensor noise, strictly speaking, the spatial noise. Since flatbed scanners and digital cameras use similar technologies, the utilization of image sensor noise for identifying the origin of scanned images seems to be possible. As characterization of flatbed scanner noise, we considered array reference patterns and sensor line reference patterns. However, there are particularities of flatbed scanners which we expect to influence the identification. This was confirmed by extensive tests: Identification was possible to a certain degree, but less reliable than digital camera identification. In additional tests, we simulated the influence of flatfielding and down scaling as examples for such particularities of flatbed scanners on digital camera identification. One can conclude from the results achieved so far that identifying flatbed scanners is possible. However, since the analyzed methods are not able to determine the image origin in all cases, further investigations are necessary.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6505, Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IX, 65051I (27 February 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.704165
Show Author Affiliations
Thomas Gloe, Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany)
Elke Franz, Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany)
Antje Winkler, Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6505:
Security, Steganography, and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IX
Edward J. Delp; Ping Wah Wong, Editor(s)

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