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Proceedings Paper

Volumetric imaging of inner retina with adaptive optics spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
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Paper Abstract

Adaptive optics (AO) coupled with ultra-fast spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) has achieved the necessary 3D resolution, sensitivity, and speed for imaging the microscopic retina at the cellular level. While this technology has been rigorously applied to evaluating the 3D morphology of cone photoreceptors, similar detailed studies of cell-sized structures in the inner retina have yet to be undertaken. In this paper, we improve the technical performance of our AO ultrafast SD-OCT and investigate its use for imaging the microscopic inner retina, in particular the nerve fiber layer (NFL) and retinal capillary network. To maximize lateral resolution within the inner retina, focus was controlled with a high stroke, 37-actuator bimorph mirror (AOptix) that also served as the wavefront corrector of the AO. The AO system operated at a closed-loop rate of 25 Hz. The SD-OCT sub-system consisted of a superluminescent diode (&lgr;= 842 nm, &Dgr;&lgr;= 50 nm) and a 512 pixel line scan charge-coupled device (CCD) that acquired 72,000 A-scans/sec. Three different B-scan lengths (36, 60, and 120 A-scans/B-scan), which correspond to B-scan exposure durations of 0.5, 0.83, and 1.67 ms, were evaluated to determine the maximum B-scan length that could be tolerated without noticeable loss in image quality due to eye motion in the well fixated eye. Additional technical improvements included sub-pixel registration to remove instrument error and axial registration of the volume images. Small volume images were acquired at 2 and 7 degrees retinal eccentricity with focus systematically shifted through the retina. Small capillaries, some approaching the smallest in the human eye, were readily detected with AO SD-OCT. Appearance of the nerve fiber layer varied noticeably with depth. The most inner portion (presumably the inner limiting membrane) appeared as a thin irregular surface with little characteristic speckle noise. Within the NFL, complex striation patterns (presumably NFL bundles) were observed throughout the entire thickness with pattern density highest in the inner portion (~15 &mgr;m) and large corrugations (~35 &mgr;m) at the interface with the ganglion cell layer below. Speckle noise was significant throughout the NFL.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 2007
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6426, Ophthalmic Technologies XVII, 64261P (5 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.701960
Show Author Affiliations
Yan Zhang, Indiana Univ. (United States)
Barry Cense, Indiana Univ. (United States)
Ravi S. Jonnal, Indiana Univ. (United States)
Weihua Gao, Indiana Univ. (United States)
Steve Jones, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Scot Olivier, Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (United States)
Donald T. Miller, Indiana Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6426:
Ophthalmic Technologies XVII
Bruce E. Stuck; Fabrice Manns; Per G. Söderberg; Michael Belkin; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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