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Proceedings Paper

Gain eigenvalue calculations for antiguided and ARROW VCSELs
Author(s): Benjamin Klein
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Paper Abstract

We compare the threshold gain and modal discrimination of a range of large aperture VCSELs intended for high-power single-mode operation. The threshold gain is calculated using a gain eigenvalue solver that enforces the threshold condition of the mode (gain = loss). In this way, gain guiding is included automatically. We find that confining the gain to a smaller area than the mode results in excellent threshold gain and modal discrimination, due to the large difference in modal overlap factors between the fundamental and the second order mode.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 February 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6468, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XV, 64680G (6 February 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.701284
Show Author Affiliations
Benjamin Klein, Georgia Institute of Technology (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6468:
Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XV
Marek Osinski; Fritz Henneberger; Yasuhiko Arakawa, Editor(s)

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