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Proceedings Paper

Optical molecular imaging in PDT
Author(s): Soumya Mitra; John W. Snyder; Thomas H. Foster
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Paper Abstract

Motivated by recent successes in fluorescence imaging of whole mount tissue preparations and by rapid progress in the fields of molecular imaging and molecular biology, we are exploring a number of applications of optical fluorescence imaging in superficial murine tumor models in vivo. Imaging the PDT-induced expression of the heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in cells and in vivo is accomplished using stably transfected EMT6 cells in which the gene for GFP is under the control of the HSP70 promoter. These cells readily form solid tumors in BALB/c mice, enabling the direct imaging of the extent and time course of the activation of this promoter, with each mouse serving as its own control. Imaging of similarly transfected EMT6 cells with a HIF-1&agr;/GFP fusion protein vector enables visualization of HIF-1&agr; translocation to the nucleus. Recently, we have accomplished fluorescent labeling of surface antigens in vivo using intratumor and intravenous injection of fluorophore-conjugated antibodies. Injection of deep-red fluorophore-conjugated-anti-CD31 enables confocal fluorescence imaging of the tumor vasculature to depths of at least 100 microns. With the vessels rendered fluorescent in this way, a number of interesting studies become possible in the living mouse, including the direct visualization of photosensitizer distribution from perfused vessels. Using the appropriate fluorophore-conjugated antibodies, we have also been able to image infiltrating granulocytes in EMT6 tumors in response to PDT in vivo.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 March 2007
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6427, Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XVI, 642706 (6 March 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.698688
Show Author Affiliations
Soumya Mitra, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
John W. Snyder, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Thomas H. Foster, Univ. of Rochester (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6427:
Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XVI
David Kessel, Editor(s)

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