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Proceedings Paper

Monitoring of flood over Gujarat region using AQUA AMSR-E derived surface soil moisture
Author(s): Y. S. Rao; Sonika Sharma
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Paper Abstract

AQUA AMSR-E L3 soil moisture data of 5 years (2002-06) were analyzed over Gujarat, India for flood analysis. We have used a threshold value (Gujarat 40% and Rajasthan desert 20%) for soil moisture to estimate flood affected area. Time series daily soil moisture data during flood period in Gujarat shows that soil moisture above threshold has been observed during 2004-06. The estimated flood area in Gujarat was 8418, 22618, 6313 sq. km in 2004, 05 and 06 respectively. Recent 2006 flood in Barmer, Rajasthan shows 7366 sq. km flood affected area with 20% as threshold soil moisture. The flood-area correlates well with rainfall data and surface soil moisture distribution. As the resolution of AMSR-E (60 km) is very poor, the area estimation is not so accurate. But the soil moisture trend clearly shows variation in flood affected area with days. The results from this method are to be compared with methods available using other data sets or techniques. Fixing a threshold value for soil moisture of a particular test site is also very important in the estimation of flood affected area.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 December 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6412, Disaster Forewarning Diagnostic Methods and Management, 641208 (12 December 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.697525
Show Author Affiliations
Y. S. Rao, Indian Institute of Technology, Powai (India)
Sonika Sharma, Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (India)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6412:
Disaster Forewarning Diagnostic Methods and Management
Felix Kogan; Shahid Habib; V. S. Hegde; Masashi Matsuoka, Editor(s)

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