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Proceedings Paper

Elastic property estimation using ultrasound assisted optical elastography through remote palpation-A simulation study
Author(s): C. Usha Devi; R. S. Bharat Chandran; R. M. Vasu; A. K. Sood
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Paper Abstract

We propose an effective elastography technique in which an acoustic radiation force is used for remote palpation to generate localized tissue displacements, which are directly correlated to localized variations of tissue stiffness and are measured using a light probe in the same direction of ultrasound propagation. The experimental geometry has provision to input light beam along the ultrasound propagation direction, and hence it can be prealigned to ensure proper interception of the focal region by the light beam. Tissue-mimicking phantoms with homogeneous and isotropic mechanical properties of normal and malignant breast tissue are considered for the study. Each phantom is insonified by a focusing ultrasound transducer (1 MHz). The focal volume of the transducer and the ultrasound radiation force in the region are estimated through solving acoustic wave propagation through medium assuming average acoustic properties. The forward elastography problem is solved for the region of insonification assuming the Lame's parameters and Poisson's ratio, under Dirichlet boundary conditions which gives a distribution of displacement vectors. The direction of displacement, though presented spatial variation, is predominantly towards the ultrasound propagation direction. Using Monte Carlo (MC) simulation we have traced the photons through the phantom and collected the photons arriving at the detector on the boundary of the object in the direction of ultrasound. The intensity correlations are then computed from detected photons. The intensity correlation function computed through MC simulation showed a modulation whose strength is found to be proportional to the amplitude of displacement and inversely related to the storage (elastic) modulus. It is observed that when the storage modulus in the focal region is increased the computed displacement magnitude, as indicated by the depth of modulation in the intensity autocorrelation, decreased and the trend is approximately exponential.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 July 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6164, Saratov Fall Meeting 2005: Coherent Optics of Ordered and Random Media VI, 61640Q (7 July 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.696392
Show Author Affiliations
C. Usha Devi, Indian Institute of Science (India)
R. S. Bharat Chandran, Indian Institute of Science (India)
R. M. Vasu, Indian Institute of Science (India)
A. K. Sood, Indian Institute of Science (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6164:
Saratov Fall Meeting 2005: Coherent Optics of Ordered and Random Media VI
Dmitry A. Zimnyakov; Nikolai G. Khlebtsov, Editor(s)

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