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Proceedings Paper

A high-frequency divider in 0.18 µm SiGe BiCMOS technology
Author(s): Noorfazila Kamal; Yingbo Zhu; Leonard T. Hall; Said F. Al-Sarawi; Craig Burnet; Ian Holland; Adnan Khan; Andre Pollok; Justin Poyner; Michael Boers; James A. Howarth; Adam Lauterbach; Jeffrey Harrison; James Rathmell; Michael Batty; Anthony Parker; Linda M. Davis; William G. Cowley; Neil H. E. Weste; Derek Abbott
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Paper Abstract

High speed frequency dividers are critical parts of frequency synthesisers in wireless systems. These dividers allow the output frequency from a voltage controlled oscillator to be compared with a much lower external reference frequency that is commonly used in these synthesisers. Common trade-offs in high frequency dividers are speed of division, power consumption, real estate area, and output signal dynamic range. In this paper we demonstrate the design of a high frequency, low power divider in 0.18 µm SiGe BiCMOS technology. Three dividers are presented, which are a regenerative divider, a master-slave divider, and a combination of regenerative and master-slave dividers to perform a divide-by-8 chain. The dividers are used as part of a 60 GHz frequency synthesizer. The simulation results are in agreement with measured performance of the regenerative divider. At 48 GHz the divider consumes 18 mW from a 1.8 V supply voltage. The master-slave divider operates up to 36 GHz from a very low supply voltage, 1.8 V. The divide-by-8 operates successfully from 40 GHz to 50 GHz.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 January 2007
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6414, Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems III, 641408 (11 January 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.696294
Show Author Affiliations
Noorfazila Kamal, Univ. of Adelaide (Australia)
Yingbo Zhu, Univ. of Adelaide (Australia)
Leonard T. Hall, Univ. of Adelaide (Australia)
Said F. Al-Sarawi, Univ. of Adelaide (Australia)
Craig Burnet, Univ. of South Australia (Australia)
Ian Holland, Univ. of South Australia (Australia)
Adnan Khan, Univ. of South Australia (Australia)
Andre Pollok, Univ. of South Australia (Australia)
Justin Poyner, Univ. of South Australia (Australia)
Michael Boers, Macquarie Univ. (Australia)
James A. Howarth, Macquarie Univ. (Australia)
Adam Lauterbach, Macquarie Univ. (Australia)
Jeffrey Harrison, Macquarie Univ. (Australia)
James Rathmell, The University of Sydney (Australia)
Michael Batty, Macquarie Univ. (Australia)
Anthony Parker, Macquarie Univ. (Australia)
Linda M. Davis, Macquarie Univ. (Australia)
William G. Cowley, Univ. of South Australia (Australia)
Neil H. E. Weste, Univ. of Adelaide (Australia)
Univ. of South Australia (Australia)
Derek Abbott, Univ. of Adelaide (Australia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6414:
Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems III
Said F. Al-Sarawi, Editor(s)

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