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Proceedings Paper

Atmospheric correction of satellite ocean color data in turbid coastal waters
Author(s): Yu-Hwan Ahn; Palanisamy Shanmugam; Joo-Hyung Ryu
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Paper Abstract

Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) onboard its Communication Ocean and Meteorological Satellite (COMS) is scheduled for launch in 2008. GOCI includes the eight visible-to-near-infrared (NIR) bands, 0.5km pixel resolution, and a coverage region of 2500 x 2500km centered at 36N and 130E. GOCI has had the scope of its objectives broadened to understand the role of the oceans and ocean productivity in the climate system, biogeochemical variables, geological and biological response to physical dynamics and to detect and monitor toxic algal blooms of notable extension through observations of ocean color. To achieve these mission objectives, it is necessary to develop an atmospheric correction technique which is capable of delivering geophysical products, particularly for highly turbid coastal regions that are often dominated by strongly absorbing aerosols from the adjacent continental/desert areas. In this paper, we present a more realistic and cost-effective atmospheric correction method which takes into account the contribution of NIR radiances and include specialized models for strongly absorbing aerosols. This method was tested extensively on SeaWiFS ocean color imagery acquired over the Northwest Pacific waters. While the standard SeaWiFS atmospheric correction algorithm showed a pronounced overcorrection in the violet/blue or a complete failure in the presence of strongly absorbing aerosols (Asian dust or Yellow dust) over these regions, the new method was able to retrieve the water-leaving radiance and chlorophyll concentrations that were consistent with the in-situ observations. Such comparison demonstrated the efficiency of the new method in terms of removing the effects of highly absorbing aerosols and improving the accuracy of water-leaving radiance and chlorophyll retrievals with SeaWiFS imagery.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 November 2006
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6406, Remote Sensing of the Marine Environment, 64061P (28 November 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.695398
Show Author Affiliations
Yu-Hwan Ahn, Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (South Korea)
Palanisamy Shanmugam, Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (South Korea)
Joo-Hyung Ryu, Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6406:
Remote Sensing of the Marine Environment
Robert J. Frouin; Vijay K. Agarwal; Hiroshi Kawamura; Shailesh Nayak; Delu Pan, Editor(s)

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