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Proceedings Paper

Satellite and ship studies of phytoplankton in the northeastern Arabian during 2000-2006 period
Author(s): S. G. Prabhu Matondkar; R. M. Dwivedi; Sushma Parab; Suraksha Pednekar; E. S. Desa; A. Mascarenhas; Mini Raman; S. K. Singh
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Paper Abstract

Sequence of the images from IRS P4 / OCM satellite and extensive shipboard sampling programme are used to understand the seasonal variation of phytoplankton abundance and types in the Northeastern (NE) Arabian Sea and Lakshadweep Sea. An appreciable degree of spatial and temporal variability is observed in chlorophyll a distribution from November to April months, as well as coastal and offshore stations, indicating marked seasonality in phytoplankton distribution in NE Arabian Sea. During November month (fall intermonsoon) average chlorophyll a (Chl a) by fluorometer was (0.799 mgm^-3) and by OCM it was 0.584 mgm^-3. The higher chlorophyll a observed was due to Trichodesmium (cyanobacteria) blooms. During December the average chlorophyll a was 0.34 mgm^-3 also due to Trichodesmium filaments in water column. During January onwards winter cooling led to increase in nutrients which enhanced chlorophyll a value to 0.64 mgm^-3 due to growth of flagellates (as seen by high chlorophyll b besides chlorophyll a) in water column. February, March and April supported moderately high chlorophyll value (0. 3 to 0.5 mgm^-3) due to growth of prasinophytes (as seen by pigment prasinoxanthin) and blooms of the Noctiluca miliaris. Time series monitoring of Noctiluca bloom was also conducted using OCM based chlorophyll images in NE Arabian Sea. During February chlorophyll a retrieved by OCM was 0.3 to 0.9 mgm^-3. Pigment analysis of water samples indicated the equal important of accessory pigment like zeaxanthin, prasinoxanthin, beta-carotene. The relevance of these pigments estimated by HPLC like zeaxanthin (cyanobacteria), fucoxanthin (diatoms), peridinin (dinoflagellates) is presented and discussed. Similarly, exercise is conducted in Lakshadweep waters where Trichodesmium related peak in chlorophyll a was observed during March onwards in OCM data. The average chlorophyll a in NE Arabian Sea at surface during November was (0.726 mgm^-3), December (0.34 mgm^-3), January (0.723 mgm^-3), February (0.344 mgm^-3), March (0.963 mgm^-3) and April 0.665 mgm^-3. Similar trend was observed in primary productivity estimates. The attempt is made to work out seasonality in the productivity of the Arabian Sea using OCM derived chlorophyll and relation of enhancement in productivity due to development of winter blooms in the Arabian Sea. The environmental conditions (temperature, wind, nutrients and mixed layer depth) affecting these blooms responsible for year to year variation in bloom biomass and productivity is also presented in detail.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 November 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6406, Remote Sensing of the Marine Environment, 64061I (28 November 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.693693
Show Author Affiliations
S. G. Prabhu Matondkar, National Institute of Oceanography (India)
R. M. Dwivedi, Space Application Ctr. (India)
Sushma Parab, National Institute of Oceanography (India)
Suraksha Pednekar, National Institute of Oceanography (India)
E. S. Desa, National Institute of Oceanography (India)
A. Mascarenhas, National Institute of Oceanography (India)
Mini Raman, Space Application Ctr. (India)
S. K. Singh, Space Application Ctr. (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6406:
Remote Sensing of the Marine Environment
Robert J. Frouin; Vijay K. Agarwal; Hiroshi Kawamura; Shailesh Nayak; Delu Pan, Editor(s)

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