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Proceedings Paper

Geodesic lens: new designs for illumination engineering
Author(s): Juan C. Miñano; Pablo Benítez; Bill Parkyn; Dejan Grabovickic; Fernando García; Asunción Santamaría; José Blen; Julio Chaves; Waqidi Falicoff
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Paper Abstract

A novel waveguide-optical integrator is introduced for applications to LEDs. The concept is based upon a Kohler illuminator made of Luneburg lenses. Typical Kohler illuminators are formed by pairs of thin lenses, and perform badly when the paraxial approximation is rough, i.e., when the angular span of the incoming rays is wide. In contrast, the new illuminator performs ideally for angular spans up to 90° (±45°), and has only a 3% loss for a 180° angular span. In general such an illuminator cannot be made in 3D, because adjacent Luneburg lenses overlap. It can, however, be implemented in planar optics, by using Rinehart geodesic lenses. This waveguide device has application in illumination engineering as a light mixer, particularly for LEDs. Another light mixer using a combination of two kaleidoscopes with a geodesic lens is also presented. Irradiance at the exit of a kaleidoscope has good light mixing if the kaleidoscope is long enough, but the intensity is never well mixed, irrespective of the length. Inserting a Rinehart geodesic lens produces a 90-degree phase-space rotation of the rays, i.e., it exchanges irradiance and intensity. An further kaleidoscope assures complete mixing in both irradiance and intensity.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 August 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6342, International Optical Design Conference 2006, 634214 (3 August 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.692271
Show Author Affiliations
Juan C. Miñano, Univ. Politécnica de Madrid (Spain)
Light Prescriptions Innovators LLC (United States)
Pablo Benítez, Univ. Politécnica de Madrid (Spain)
Light Prescriptions Innovators LLC (United States)
Bill Parkyn, Light Prescriptions Innovators LLC (United States)
Dejan Grabovickic, Univ. Politécnica de Madrid (Spain)
Fernando García, Univ. Politécnica de Madrid (Spain)
Asunción Santamaría, Univ. Politécnica de Madrid (Spain)
José Blen, Univ. Politécnica de Madrid (Spain)
Julio Chaves, Light Prescriptions Innovators LLC (United States)
Waqidi Falicoff, Light Prescriptions Innovators LLC (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6342:
International Optical Design Conference 2006
G. Groot Gregory; Joseph M. Howard; R. John Koshel, Editor(s)

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