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Proceedings Paper

Smart sensors
Author(s): Carlo Corsi
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Paper Abstract

The term "Smart Sensors" refer to sensors which contain both sensing and signal processing capabilities with objectives ranging from simple viewing to sophisticated remote sensing, surveillance, search/track, weapon guidance, robotics, perceptronics and intelligence applications. In a broad sense, they include any sensor systems covering the whole electromagnetic spectrum: this paper deals specifically with a new class of smart sensors in infrared spectral bands whose developments started some years ago, when it was recognized that the rapid advances of "very large scale integration" (VLSI) processor technology and mosaic infrared detector array technology could be combined to develop new generations of infrared smart sensor systems with much improved performance. So, sophisticated signal processing operations have been developed for these new systems by integrating microcomputers and other VLSI signal processors within or next to the sensor arrays on the same focal plane avoiding complex computing located far away from the sensors. Recently this approach is achieving higher goals by a new and revolutionary sensors concept which introduce inside the sensor some of the basic function of living eyes, such as dynamic stare, dishomogenity compensation, spatial and temporal filtering. New objectives and requirements of these new focal plane processors are presented for this type of new infrared smart sensor systems. This paper is concerned with the processing techniques for only the front end of the focal plane processing, namely, the enhancement of target-to-noise ratio by background clutter suppression and the improvement in target detection by "smart" and pattern correlation threshold.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 September 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6297, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing XIV, 62970W (7 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.687689
Show Author Affiliations
Carlo Corsi, Ctr. Ricerche Elettro-Ottiche (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6297:
Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing XIV
Marija Strojnik, Editor(s)

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