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Proceedings Paper

Analysis of entanglement in quantum systems with continuous variables by means of Schmidt decomposition
Author(s): A. Yu. Bogdanov; Yu. I. Bogdanov; K. A. Valiev
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Paper Abstract

We investigate the procedure of Schmidt modes extraction in systems with continuous variables. An algorithm based on singular value matrix decomposition is applied to the study of entanglement in an "atom-photon" system with spontaneous radiation. Also, this algorithm is applied to the study of a bi-photon system with spontaneous parametric down conversion with type-II phase matching for broadband pump. We demonstrate that dynamic properties of entangled states in an atom-photon system with spontaneous radiation are defined by a parameter equal to the product of the fine structure constant and the atom-electron mass ratio. We then consider the evolution of the system during radiation and show that the atomic and photonic degrees of freedom are entangling for the times of the same order of magnitude as the excited state life-time. Then the degrees of freedom are de-entangling and asymptotically approach to the level of small residual entanglement that is caused by momentum dispersion of the initial atomic packet. Finally, we investigate the process of coherence loss between modes in type-II parametric down conversion that is caused by non-linear crystal properties.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 May 2006
PDF: 17 pages
Proc. SPIE 6264, Quantum Informatics 2005, 626404 (31 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.683105
Show Author Affiliations
A. Yu. Bogdanov, Moscow M.V. Lomonosov State Univ. (Russia)
Yu. I. Bogdanov, Institute of Physics and Technology (Russia)
K. A. Valiev, Institute of Physics and Technology (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6264:
Quantum Informatics 2005
Yuri I. Ozhigov, Editor(s)

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