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Proceedings Paper

New weather depiction technology for night vision goggle (NVG) training
Author(s): Scott Theleman; Jennifer Hegarty; Richard Vollmerhausen; Courtney Scott; John Schroeder; Frank P. Colby; S. Napier
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Paper Abstract

US Navy and Marine Corps pilots receive Night Vision Goggle (NVG) training as part of their overall training to maintain the superiority of our forces. This training must incorporate realistic targets; backgrounds; and representative atmospheric and weather effects they may encounter under operational conditions. An approach for pilot NVG training is to use the Night Imaging and Threat Evaluation Laboratory (NITE Lab) concept. The NITE Labs utilize a 10' by 10' static terrain model equipped with both natural and cultural lighting that are used to demonstrate various illumination conditions, and visual phenomena which might be experienced when utilizing night vision goggles. With this technology, the military can safely, systematically, and reliably expose pilots to the large number of potentially dangerous environmental conditions that will be experienced in their NVG training flights. This paper describes work that is being performed for NAVAIR to add realistic atmospheric and weather effects to the NVG NITE Lab training facility using the NVG-WDT (Weather Dipiction Technology) system. NVG-WDT consist of a high end multiprocessor server with weather simulation software, and several fixed and goggle mounted Heads Up Displays (HUDs). Atmospheric and weather effects are simulated using state-of-the-art computer codes such as the NCAR/Penn State Mesoscale Model (MM5); and the US Air Force Research Laboratory MODTRAN radiative transport model. Imagery for a variety of natural and man-made obscurations (e.g. rain, clouds, snow, dust, smoke, chemical releases) is being calculated and injected into the scene observed through the NVG via the fixed and goggle mounted HUDs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2006
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6303, Atmospheric Optical Modeling, Measurement, and Simulation II, 63030F (1 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.682217
Show Author Affiliations
Scott Theleman, Ontar Corp. (United States)
Jennifer Hegarty, Ontar Corp. (United States)
Richard Vollmerhausen, Ontar Corp. (United States)
Courtney Scott, Ontar Corp. (United States)
John Schroeder, Ontar Corp. (United States)
Frank P. Colby, Univ. of Massachusetts, Lowell (United States)
S. Napier, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6303:
Atmospheric Optical Modeling, Measurement, and Simulation II
Stephen M. Hammel; Anton Kohnle, Editor(s)

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