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Proceedings Paper

An analysis of optimal compression for the advanced baseline imager based on entropy and noise estimation
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Paper Abstract

As new instruments are developed, it is becoming clear that our ability to generate data is rapidly outstripping our ability to transmit this data. The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI), that is currently being developed as the future imager on the Geostationary Environmental Satellite (GOES-R) series, will offer more spectral bands, higher spatial resolution, and faster imaging than the current GOES imager. As a result of the instrument development, enormous amounts of data must be transmitted from the platform to the ground, redistributed globally through band-limited channels, as well as archived. This makes efficient compression critical. According to Shannon's Noiseless Coding Theorem, an a upper bound on the compression ratio can be computed by estimating the entropy of the data. Since the data is essentially a stream, we must determine a partition of the data into samples that capture the important correlations. We use a spatial window partition so that as the window size is increased the estimated entropy stabilizes. As part of our analysis we show that we can estimate the entropy despite the high-dimensionality of the data. We achieve this by using nearest neighbor based estimates. We complement these a posteriori estimates with a priori estimates based on an analysis of sensor noise. Using this noise analysis we propose an upper bound on the compression achievable. We apply our analysis to an ABI proxy in order estimate bounds for compression on the upcoming GOES-R imager.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6300, Satellite Data Compression, Communications, and Archiving II, 63000M (1 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.681487
Show Author Affiliations
M. Grossberg, CCNY, NOAA/CREST (United States)
S. Gottipati, CCNY, NOAA/CREST (United States)
I. Gladkova, CCNY, NOAA/CREST (United States)
M. Goldberg, ORA NOAA/NESDIS (United States)
L. Roytman, CCNY, NOAA/CREST (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6300:
Satellite Data Compression, Communications, and Archiving II
Roger W. Heymann; Charles C. Wang; Timothy J. Schmit, Editor(s)

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