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Proceedings Paper

Super-polished aluminum mirrors through the application of chemical mechanical polishing techniques
Author(s): Kevin Moeggenborg; Tamara Vincer; Stanley Lesiak; Roman Salij
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Paper Abstract

Chemical Mechanical Polishing, also referred to Chemical Mechanical Planarization (CMP), is one of the enabling technologies which allows the fabrication of high performance multi-level metal structures in IC fabrication. In this paper we will discuss the specific application of CMP techniques to aluminum mirror polishing and the resultant super polished finish obtained. Current aluminum mirror processing methods use combinations of machining, lapping and diamond turning operations to achieve required surface accuracy and quality. Optimum results from diamond turning yields surface figure with an error of no less than half a wave and surface roughness no less than 50 angstrom aluminum substrates. In addition, diamond turning puts "grooves" onto the surface that act as a diffractive element resulting in specular beam power loss and ghost images. Often these diffractive and scatter effects, inherent to grooved surfaces, are too severe to provide adequate performance in the UV and visible range. Further, the low signal to noise ratio of the optical system reduces resolution and the overall efficiency of the optical system. A new procedure for polishing bare 6061-T6 Aluminum monolithic mirrors using Chemical Mechanical Planarization (CMP) slurry and techniques yields extremely high quality, low scatter mirrors. Planar aluminum mirrors with flatness equivalent to lambda/10 and Ra <2 nm have been polished and measured on a Veeco NT3300 white light Interferometer (at 20X). Comparison of the power spectral density curves of mirrors produced via CMP with those presently produced with diamond turning shows reduction across the range of spatial frequencies (1-103 mm-1) and elimination of the grooving frequency. Both white light interferometer and AFM images show the polished surfaces to be smooth, pit free with no pull outs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 August 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6288, Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering VII, 62880L (31 August 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.681043
Show Author Affiliations
Kevin Moeggenborg, Cabot Microelectronics Corp. (United States)
Tamara Vincer, Cabot Microelectronics Corp. (United States)
Stanley Lesiak, Cabot Microelectronics Corp. (United States)
Roman Salij, Cabot Microelectronics Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6288:
Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering VII
Pantazis Z. Mouroulis; Warren J. Smith; R. Barry Johnson, Editor(s)

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