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Proceedings Paper

Atmospheric correction of airborne POLDER polarimetric imagery using vectorized 6S
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Paper Abstract

We are interested in using wide-field-of-view polarimetric imagers such as airborne POLDER (LOA, University of Lille) and AMPI (NASA) to study polarization signatures of surface targets. The airborne POLDER instrument has a field of view +/- 43° in along-track and +/- 51° cross-track. It records imagery through a rotating filter wheel with spectral filters, and in two spectral bands with linear polarization filters orientated at 0°, 60°, and 120° while flying at 70 m/s, generating images that need to be registered before spectra or the Stokes vectors can be computed. The atmospheric contributions, particularly in the short-wavelength visible bands, are anisotropic due to the scattering from molecules and aerosols, and the contrast is quite low, making automated image registration impossible. Thus, it is necessary to remove the polarized upwelling atmospheric contributions from the at-sensor radiances before the images can be registered, and target-leaving Stokes parameters can be derived. We accomplished the atmospheric correction by using the recently released vectorized version of the Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum (6Sv) from Eric Vermote et al. 1997. We wrote a front-end in IDL to run 6Sv over a range of viewing zenith and azimuth angles. The resulting Stokes parameters are then interpolated to a grid of input viewing coordinates for the sensor. Next, the Stokes hemispherical path radiances are converted to match the data of the airborne POLDER instrument for the linear polarization angles of 0°, 60°, and 120°. The upwelling atmospheric intensities are subtracted from the respective polarimetric intensity images and the difference is divided by the transmission multiplied with the solar irradiance. This atmospheric correction significantly reduces the low-frequency variations in intensity in the images resulting from atmospheric scattering. The atmospherically corrected intensity images at 0°, 60°, and 120° are then used to calculate the Stokes parameter images in the usual fashion. From the Stokes parameter images we calculate the degree and azimuth of linear polarization images for the surface.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6302, Imaging Spectrometry XI, 63020T (1 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.680814
Show Author Affiliations
Christoph Borel, Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (United States)
Clyde Spencer, Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6302:
Imaging Spectrometry XI
Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis, Editor(s)

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