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Proceedings Paper

Test of thick pixelated orbotech detectors with and without steering grids
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Paper Abstract

We report here on the optimization of 0.5 cm thick pixelated Orbotech CZT detectors with regards to the best contacting materials and the use of steering grids. We evaluated the performance of different contacting materials. Our study differs from earlier ones in that we investigated the performance of different anode and cathode materials separately. We obtain the best performance with Au cathodes. For different anode materials Ti and In give the best energy resolutions. The detector (2.0×2.0×0.5 cm3, 8×8 pixels) shows excellent 59 keV, 122 keV and 662 keV energy resolutions of 1.4 keV, 1.9 keV, and 7.4 keV, respectively. Furthermore, we report on using steering grids to improve on the performance of the pixelated detectors. Previously, the benefit of steering grids had been limited by additional electronic noise associated with currents between the negatively biased steering grids and the anode pixels. We are currently exploring the possibility to isolate the steering grid from the CZT substrates by a thin layer of Al2O3. We performed a series of measurements to determine by how much the isolation layer reduces the grid-pixel currents. Comparing the currents between two Au contacts before and after isolating one of the two contacts from the CZT with a 700 nm thick layer of Al2O3, we measure that the isolation layer reduces the currents by a factor of about 10 at 500 V. We present some results from a detector before and after deposition of an isolated steering grid. The grid indeed improves on the detectors energy resolution and detection efficiency. We show that simulations can be used to model the anode to cathode charge correlation in excellent agreement with the experimental results.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 August 2006
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6319, Hard X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detector Physics and Penetrating Radiation Systems VIII, 631910 (30 August 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.680731
Show Author Affiliations
I. Jung, Washington Univ. in St. Louis (United States)
A. Garson III, Washington Univ. in St. Louis (United States)
H. Krawczynski, Washington Univ. in St. Louis (United States)
A. Burger, Fisk Univ. (United States)
M. Groza, Fisk Univ. (United States)
J. Matteson, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)
R. T. Skelton, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6319:
Hard X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detector Physics and Penetrating Radiation Systems VIII
F. Patrick Doty; Larry A. Franks; Arnold Burger; H. Bradford Barber; Hans Roehrig; Ralph B. James, Editor(s)

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