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Proceedings Paper

On the crucial role of the insulator-semiconductor interface in organic thin-film transistors
Author(s): Gilles Horowitz; Mohammad Mottaghi; Philippe Lang; Fernand Rodriguez; Abdrerrahim Yassar; Stéphane Lenfant; Dominique Vuillaume
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Paper Abstract

This paper reports on two sets of data. In the first one, organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) where fabricated by vapor depositing a pentacene layer on a gate dielectric made of alumina. The devices divide in two sets, depending on whether the alumina surface was or was not modified with a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of eicosanoic acid. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) images show that the presence of the SAM strongly reduces the size of the crystal grains. A careful analysis of the current-voltage characteristics of the devices, which includes the use of the Transfer Line Method (TLM), allowed the extraction of the gate voltage (VG) dependent mobility corrected for contact resistance. A remarkable feature is that the mobility decreases with VG at high gate bias, which is interpreted by assuming that the mobility in the layer close to the insulator-semiconductor interface is substantially lower than that in the bulk of the film. Modeling the charge distribution in the conducting channel allowed us to extract the bulk mobility, which is found to saturate at around 5 cm2/Vs in SAM-modified devices and 3 cm2/Vs in devices with bare alumina. The difference is interpreted in terms of more or less defective grains. The second set of results deals with a transistor, in which the active element is reduced to a single monomolecular layer. This was achieved by using a SAM of a bifunctional molecule comprising a quaterthiophene moiety linked to a short alkyl chain. AFM images of the SAM after various adsorption times show that the size of the well-organized domains is around 25 ± 5 nm. Working transistors could only be realized by reducing the channel length L down to a magnitude comparable to that of the domain size, which was achieved with the help of e-beam lithography. In one occasion, well-defined current-voltage characteristics was recorded, which allowed to extract a gate-voltage independent mobility of 0.0035 cm2/Vs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 August 2006
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6336, Organic Field-Effect Transistors V, 63360G (25 August 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.680345
Show Author Affiliations
Gilles Horowitz, ITODYS, Univ. Denis-Diderot (France)
Mohammad Mottaghi, ITODYS, Univ. Denis-Diderot (France)
Philippe Lang, ITODYS, Univ. Denis-Diderot (France)
Fernand Rodriguez, ITODYS, Univ. Denis-Diderot (France)
Abdrerrahim Yassar, ITODYS, Univ. Denis-Diderot (France)
Stéphane Lenfant, IEMN, Univ. of Lille (France)
Dominique Vuillaume, IEMN, Univ. of Lille (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6336:
Organic Field-Effect Transistors V
Zhenan Bao; David J. Gundlach, Editor(s)

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