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Proceedings Paper

A model and simulation to predict 3D imaging LADAR sensor systems performance in real-world type environments
Author(s): Robert J. Grasso; George F. Dippel; Leonard E. Russo
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Paper Abstract

BAE SYSTEMS reports on a program to develop a high-fidelity model and simulation to predict the performance of angle-angle-range 3D flash LADAR Imaging Sensor systems. Accurate methods to model and simulate performance from 3D LADAR systems have been lacking, relying upon either single pixel LADAR performance or extrapolating from passive detection FPA performance. The model and simulation here is developed expressly for 3D angle-angle-range imaging LADAR systems. To represent an accurate "real world" type environment this model and simulation accounts for: 1) laser pulse shape; 2) detector array size; 3) detector noise figure; 4) detector gain; 5) target attributes; 6) atmospheric transmission; 7) atmospheric backscatter; 8) atmospheric turbulence; 9) obscurants; 10) obscurant path length, and; 11) platform motion. The angle-angle-range 3D flash LADAR model and simulation accounts for all pixels in the detector array by modeling and accounting for the non-uniformity of each individual pixel. Here, noise sources and gain are modeled based upon their pixel-to-pixel statistical variation. A cumulative probability function is determined by integrating the normal distribution with respect to detector gain, and, for each pixel, a random number is compared with the cumulative probability function resulting in a different gain for each pixel within the array. In this manner very accurate performance is determined pixel-by-pixel for the entire array. Model outputs are 3D images of the far-field distribution across the array as intercepted by the target, gain distribution, power distribution, average signal-to-noise, and probability of detection across the array.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6303, Atmospheric Optical Modeling, Measurement, and Simulation II, 63030H (1 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.679625
Show Author Affiliations
Robert J. Grasso, BAE Systems (United States)
George F. Dippel, BAE Systems (United States)
Leonard E. Russo, BAE Systems (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6303:
Atmospheric Optical Modeling, Measurement, and Simulation II
Stephen M. Hammel; Anton Kohnle, Editor(s)

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