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Proceedings Paper

Recognition of signals with polynomial frequency modulation embedded in additive noise
Author(s): Ewa Swiercz
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Paper Abstract

Polynomial Wigner Ville distribution (PWVD) is considered as a tool for recognition of signals with an unknown frequency modulation law. This time-frequency distribution (TF) with multi-linear kernel is an optimal form for signals with a polynomial frequency modulation law. Instantaneous frequency (IF) is the important property of non-stationary signals, i.e. signals whose spectral contents vary with time. Then the recognition of unknown signals can be formulated as the problem of estimation of its instantaneous frequency. The studies of estimation of IF for noiseless signals can be found in literature. The noise embedded in a signal has large influence on time-frequency distribution and can change the true value of the IF. Time-frequency distribution strongly depends on the kind of noise. In this paper signals embedded in additive gaussian and impulse noise have been considered. Estimation of the instantaneous fiequency in impulsive noise background is different than in gaussian noise and requires robust forms of time-frequency distributions. In this paper the application of the robust form of the Wigner-Ville distribution (WVD_r) and the robust form of the polynomial Wigner-Ville distribution (PWVD_r) for IF estimation is presented. Maxima of these distributions are assumed as the estimates of true values of IF. The theoretical background of WVD_r and PWVD_r distributions is introduced and several numerical experiments of IF estimation are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 April 2006
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 6159, Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments IV, 61591D (26 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.675078
Show Author Affiliations
Ewa Swiercz, Bialystok Technical Univ. (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6159:
Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments IV
Ryszard S. Romaniuk, Editor(s)

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