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Proceedings Paper

LLRF Operation for the European X-FEL
Author(s): Stefan N. Simrock
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Paper Abstract

The requirements for RF Control Systems for the European X-FEL are not only defined in terms of the quality of field control but also with respect to operability, availability, and maintainability of the RF System, and the interfaces to other subsystems. The field control of the vector-sum of many cavities driven by one klystron in pulsed mode at high gradients is a challenging task since severe Lorentz force detuning, microphonics and beam induced field errors must be suppressed by several orders of magnitude. This is accomplished by a combination of local and global feedback and feedforward control. Sensors monitor individual cavity probe signals, and forward and reflected wave as well as the beam properties including beam energy and phase while actuators control the incident wave of the klystron and individual cavity resonance frequencies. The operability of a large llrf system requires a high degree of automation while the high availability requires robust algorithms, redundancy, and extremely reliable hardware. The maintenance of the llrf demands sophisticated on-line diagnostics for the llrf subsystems to minimize downtime.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 April 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6159, Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments IV, 615901 (26 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.674813
Show Author Affiliations
Stefan N. Simrock, DESY (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6159:
Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments IV
Ryszard S. Romaniuk, Editor(s)

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