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Proceedings Paper

Single-molecule confocal microscopy studies of electric-field induced orientation in chromophore-polymer composite materials
Author(s): D. R. B. Sluss; P. M. Wallace; K. D. Truong; B. H. Robinson; L. R. Dalton; P. J. Reid
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Paper Abstract

Chromophore-polymer composite materials for electro-optical applications are rendered active at the χ(2) level of susceptibility by inducing chromophore alignment through the interaction of the chromophore dipole moment with an external electric field, a process referred to as "poling". To provide insight into the molecular details of the poling process, single molecule microscopy studies of DCM (4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-(4-dimethylaminostyryl)-4Hpyran) and RhB (Rhodamine B) in poly(methyl acrylate) (PMA) above Tg of the polymer host are performed. Electric fields of 50 V/μm are employed consistent with typical experimental conditions. The effect of environment is studied through comparative studies or RhB reorientation in oxidative and inert atmospheres. Single-molecule rotational dynamics are monitored through the time-evolution of the fluorescence anisotropy. Anisotropy correlation functions demonstrate non-exponential decay consistent with previous studies of molecular rotation dynamics in polymer melts. The rotational dynamics of DCM are found to be weakly perturbed in the presence of a 50 V/μm electric field consistent with the modest alignment potential created by the electric field relative to the amount of available thermal energy. The relevance of these findings to current models of the poling process is discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 September 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6331, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials VI, 63310K (14 September 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.674778
Show Author Affiliations
D. R. B. Sluss, Univ. of Washington (United States)
P. M. Wallace, Univ. of Washington (United States)
K. D. Truong, Univ. of Washington (United States)
B. H. Robinson, Univ. of Washington (United States)
L. R. Dalton, Univ. of Washington (United States)
P. J. Reid, Univ. of Washington (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6331:
Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials VI
Robert A. Norwood, Editor(s)

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