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Proceedings Paper

Adaptive focal plane array (AFPA) technologies for integrated infrared microsystems
Author(s): P. Mitra; J. D. Beck; M. R. Skokan; J. E. Robinson; J. Antoszewski; K. J. Winchester; A. J. Keating; T. Nguyen; K. K. M. B. D. Silva; C. A. Musca; J. M. Dell; L. Faraone
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Paper Abstract

Hyperspectral imaging in the infrared bands is traditionally performed using a broad spectral response focal plane array, integrated in a grating or a Fourier transform spectrometer. This paper describes an approach for miniaturizing a hyperspectral detection system on a chip by integrating a Micro-Electro-Mechanical-System (MEMS) based tunable Fabry Perot (FP) filter directly on a photodetector. A readout integrated circuit (ROIC) serves to both integrate the detector signal as well as to electrically tune the filter across the wavelength band. We report the first such demonstration of a tunable MEMS filter monolithically integrated on a HgCdTe detector. The filter structures, designed for operation in the 1.6-2.5 μm wavelength band, were fabricated directly on HgCdTe detectors, both in photoconducting and high density vertically integrated photodiode (HDVIP) detectors. The HDVIP detectors have an architecture that permits operation in the standard photodiode mode at low bias voltages (≤0.5V) or in the electron avalanche photodiode (EAPD) mode with gain at bias voltages of ~20V. In the APD mode gain values of 100 may be achieved at 20 V at 200 K. The FP filter consists of distributed Bragg mirrors formed of Ge-SiO-Ge, a sacrificial spacer layer within the cavity and a silicon nitride spacer membrane for support. Mirror stacks fabricated on silicon, identical to the structures that will form the optical cavity, have been characterized to determine the optimum filter characteristics. The measured full width at half maximum (FWHM) was 34 nm at the center wavelength of 1780 nm with an extinction ratio of 36.6. Fully integrated filters on HgCdTe photoconductors with a center wavelength of approximately 1950 nm give a FWHM of approximately 100 nm, and a peak responsivity of approximately 8×104 V/W. Initial results for the filters on HDVIP detectors exhibit FWHM of 140 nm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2006
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6232, Intelligent Integrated Microsystems, 62320G (18 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.673010
Show Author Affiliations
P. Mitra, DRS Infrared Technologies (United States)
J. D. Beck, DRS Infrared Technologies (United States)
M. R. Skokan, DRS Infrared Technologies (United States)
J. E. Robinson, DRS Infrared Technologies (United States)
J. Antoszewski, Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
K. J. Winchester, Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
A. J. Keating, Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
T. Nguyen, Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
K. K. M. B. D. Silva, Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
C. A. Musca, Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
J. M. Dell, Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)
L. Faraone, Univ. of Western Australia (Australia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6232:
Intelligent Integrated Microsystems
Ravindra A. Athale; John C. Zolper, Editor(s)

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