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Proceedings Paper

Characterization of the NPOI fringe scanning stroke
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Paper Abstract

We report on the results of an experiment to characterize the fringe scanning stroke on the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer (NPOI) Fast Delay Line (FDL) strokes. The measurements were carried out during three days April 11-13, 2005 at the NPOI site near Flagstaff, AZ. The NPOI uses a heterodyne metrology laser system in its operations. It consists of a HeNe laser with a 2 MHz heterodyne component generated by an Acousto-Optic Modulator (AOM). One polarization is used as the 2 MHz clock, and the other is sent through the feed system twice and bounces off the piezo stroke modulators. We sampled both signals at 50 MHz, and obtained stroke and cart combined motion at the frequency of the stroke modulated 2 MHz heterodyne signal. By counting zero-crossings in the reference and feed system signals, a rough position (to a wavelength) can be obtained. This can be further refined to the few-nanometer level by measuring the relative phases of the reference and feed system signals. This results in approximately 4000 positions measurements per 2 ms stroke with a precision of approximately 1 nm. We recorded stroke positions for approximately 500 strokes (1 s), for all but one of the six FDLs, under a variety of conditions: different stroke amplitudes, different cart speeds, and different cart positions in the FDLs. We then analyzed these data from a total of 100 tests to understand the deviation of the actual stroke from the ideal stroke. We found that the mean stroke differs from the ideal stroke, and that consecutive strokes differ from each other. We computed the effect of the non-ideal stroke on the science data. A non-ideal stroke results in leakage of fringe power between fringe frequencies. This leakage is not significant during most normal operations of the NPOI. However, when the squared visibilities of baselines on the same spectrograph differ by large amounts (a factor of 10), care should be taken. Ideally, High- and low-visibility baselines should be placed on different spectrographs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 June 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6268, Advances in Stellar Interferometry, 62684A (29 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.672839
Show Author Affiliations
Anders M. Jorgensen, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Dave Mozurkewich, Seabrook Engineering (United States)
James Murphy, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Marc Sapantaie, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
J. Thomas Armstrong, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
G. Charmaine Gilbreath, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Robert Hindsley, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Thomas A. Pauls, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Henrique Schmitt, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Interferometrics, Inc. (United States)
Donald J. Hutter, U.S. Naval Observatory (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6268:
Advances in Stellar Interferometry
John D. Monnier; Markus Schöller; William C. Danchi, Editor(s)

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