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Proceedings Paper

Contrast limits with the Simultaneous Differential Extrasolar Planet Imager (SDI) at the VLT and MMT
Author(s): Beth A. Biller; Laird M. Close; Elena Masciadri; Rainer Lenzen; Wolfgang Brandner; Donald McCarthy; Thomas Henning; Eric L. Nielsen; Markus Hartung; Stephan Kellner; Kerstin Geissler; Markus Kasper
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Paper Abstract

We discuss contrast limits obtained during a survey of young (<300 Myr), close (<50 pc) stars with the Simultaneous Differential Extrasolar Planet Imager (SDI) implemented at the VLT and the MMT. SDI uses a double Wollaston prism and a quad filter to take images simultaneously at 3 wavelengths surrounding the 1.62 μm methane bandhead found in the spectrum of cool brown dwarfs and gas giants. By performing a difference of images in these filters, speckle noise from the primary can be significantly attenuated, resulting in photon noise limited data. In our survey data, we achieved H band contrasts >25000 (5σ ΔF1(1.575μm)>10 mag, ΔH>10.6 mag for a T6 spectral type) at a separation of 0.5" from the primary star. With this degree of attenuation, we can image (5σ detection) a 2-4 Jupiter mass planet at 5 AU around a 30 Myr star at 10 pc. We are currently completing our survey of young, nearby stars. We have obtained complete datasets for 40 stars in the southern sky (VLT) and 11 stars in the northern sky (MMT). We believe that our SDI images are the highest contrast astronomical images ever made from ground or space for methane rich companions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 July 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6272, Advances in Adaptive Optics II, 62722D (4 July 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.671771
Show Author Affiliations
Beth A. Biller, Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Laird M. Close, Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Elena Masciadri, Astrophysical Observatory of Arcetri, INAF (Italy)
Rainer Lenzen, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Wolfgang Brandner, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Donald McCarthy, Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Thomas Henning, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Eric L. Nielsen, Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Markus Hartung, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
Stephan Kellner, W.M. Keck Observatory (United States)
Kerstin Geissler, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany)
Markus Kasper, European Southern Observatory (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6272:
Advances in Adaptive Optics II
Brent L. Ellerbroek; Domenico Bonaccini Calia, Editor(s)

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