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Proceedings Paper

Investigation into the validity of Shack-Hartmann sensor for practical applications: intensity variations
Author(s): J. H. Lee; U. K. Kang; Y. C. Lee; H. J. Cheon
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Paper Abstract

Wavefront sensing using a Shack-Hartmann sensor has been widely used for estimating wavefront errors or distortions. The sensor combines the local slopes, which are estimated from the centroids of each lenslet images, to give the overall wavefront reconstruction. It was previously shown that the pupil-plane irradiance profile effects on the centroid estimation. Furthermore, a previous study reported that the reconstructed wavefront from a planar wavefront with a Gaussian pupil irradiance profile contain large focus and spherical aberration terms when there is a focus error. However, it has not been reported yet how serious the pupil irradiance profiles, which can be occurred in practical applications, effects on the sensing errors. This paper considered two cases when the irradiance profiles are not uniform: 1) when the light source is Gaussian and 2) when there is a partial interference due to a double reflection by a beam splitting element. The images formed by a Shack-Hartmann sensor were simulated through fast Fourier transform and were then supposed to be detected by a noiseless CCD camera. The simulations found that sensing errors, due to the Gaussian irradiance profile and the partial interference, were found to be smaller than λ/50 which can be ignored in most practical cases where the reference and test beams have the same irradiance profiles.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 June 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6018, 5th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine, 60180S (8 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.669292
Show Author Affiliations
J. H. Lee, Kongju National Univ. (South Korea)
U. K. Kang, Agency for Defense Development (South Korea)
Y. C. Lee, Agency for Defense Development (South Korea)
H. J. Cheon, Samsung Tales Ltd. (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6018:
5th International Workshop on Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine
Wenhan Jiang, Editor(s)

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