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Proceedings Paper

MEMS programmable spectral imaging system for remote sensing
Author(s): J. Daniel Newman; Marek W. Kowarz; James G. Phalen; Paul P. K. Lee; A. D. Cropper
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Paper Abstract

ITT Industries Space Systems Division and Eastman Kodak Company have developed a scalable, data- and power-efficient imaging spectrometer system with a digitally tunable optical filter capability, which enables the rapid selection of high-quality user-defined optical spectral band(s) of interest. The system utilizes a custom-designed, high-contrast diffractive MEMS device with 50 independent spectral switches at the image plane of a double-pass dispersive/de-dispersive spectrometer. The custom MEMS device is based on grating electromechanical system (GEMS) display technology, which provides very high image contrast (2000:1), fast optical switching speeds (< 100 ns), and a large active area with a very high fill factor. The system enables the selection of arbitrary, narrow or wide spectral bands of interest across the visible spectrum with a sampling resolution of 5 nm, without any moving mechanical parts. The resulting optical filter quality and performance is comparable to conventional fixed-band dichroic filters used in current remote sensing systems. The brassboard systems are designed for rapid transition to space-based, electro-optical (EO) remote sensing missions that utilize large format linear TDI scanning sensors and large format area staring arrays in the visible band. This technology addresses numerous capabilities to meet future EO system requirements for rapidly selecting and utilizing a high quality imaging optical bandpass of interest. The system concept provides capability for a >20X scan rate advantage over conventional hyperspectral imagers as a result of the compatibility with TDI scanning. The image quality is comparable to current MSI and HSI systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6220, Spaceborne Sensors III, 622006 (19 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.668916
Show Author Affiliations
J. Daniel Newman, ITT Industries Space Systems, LLC (United States)
Marek W. Kowarz, Eastman Kodak Co. (United States)
James G. Phalen, Eastman Kodak Co. (United States)
Paul P. K. Lee, ITT Industries Space Systems, LLC (United States)
A. D. Cropper, ITT Industries Space Systems, LLC (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6220:
Spaceborne Sensors III
Richard T. Howard; Robert D. Richards, Editor(s)

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