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Proceedings Paper

Application of three-dimensional fluoroscopic navigation in neural surgical operation
Author(s): Changzheng Liu; Qian Ding; Changhong Liu
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Paper Abstract

The major shortcoming of image-guided navigational systems is the use of presurgically acquired image data, which does not account for intraoperative changes in brain morphology. The occurrence of these surgically induced volumetric deformations, or "brain shift", has been well established. Maximum measurements for surface and midline shifts were reported. There is no detailed analysis, however, of the changes occurring throughout the entire surgery. Intraoperative MRI provides a unique opportunity to obtain serial imaging data and characterize the time course of brain deformations during surgery. Methods: The vertically open-configuration intraoperative fluoroscope system permits access to the operative field and allows multiple intraoperative image updates without the need of moving the patient. We developed volumetric display software, the "3D Slicer", which allows quantitative analysis of degree and direction of brain shift. On twenty-five patients, four or more volumetric intraoperative image acquisitions were extensively evaluated. Results: Serial acquisitions allow a comprehensive sequential description of the direction and magnitude of intraoperative deformations. Brain shift occurs at various surgical stages and at different regions. Surface shift occurs throughout surgery and is mainly due to gravity. Subsurface shift occurs during resection involving collapse of the resection cavity and intraparenchymal changes that are difficult to model. Conclusions: Brain shift is a continuous dynamic process, which evolves differently in distinct brain regions. Therefore only serial imaging or continuous data acquisition provide consistently accurate image guidance. Furthermore only serial intraoperative fluoroscope provides an accurate basis for the computational analysis of brain deformations, which might lead to an understanding, and eventually simulation of "brain shift" for intraoperative guidance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 February 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6026, ICO20: Biomedical Optics, 602614 (2 February 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.667448
Show Author Affiliations
Changzheng Liu, Harbin Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Qian Ding, Harbin Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Changhong Liu, Qiqihar First Hospital (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6026:
ICO20: Biomedical Optics
Gert von Bally; Qingming Luo, Editor(s)

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