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Proceedings Paper

Agent-based reasoning for distributed multi-INT analysis
Author(s): Mario E. Inchiosa; Miles T. Parker; Richard Perline
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Paper Abstract

Fully exploiting the intelligence community's exponentially growing data resources will require computational approaches differing radically from those currently available. Intelligence data is massive, distributed, and heterogeneous. Conventional approaches requiring highly structured and centralized data will not meet this challenge. We report on a new approach, Agent-Based Reasoning (ABR). In NIST evaluations, the use of ABR software tripled analysts' solution speed, doubled accuracy, and halved perceived difficulty. ABR makes use of populations of fine-grained, locally interacting agents that collectively reason about intelligence scenarios in a self-organizing, "bottom-up" process akin to those found in biological and other complex systems. Reproduction rules allow agents to make inferences from multi-INT data, while movement rules organize information and optimize reasoning. Complementary deterministic and stochastic agent behaviors enhance reasoning power and flexibility. Agent interaction via small-world networks - such as are found in nervous systems, social networks, and power distribution grids - dramatically increases the rate of discovering intelligence fragments that usefully connect to yield new inferences. Small-world networks also support the distributed processing necessary to address intelligence community data challenges. In addition, we have found that ABR pre-processing can boost the performance of commercial text clustering software. Finally, we have demonstrated interoperability with Knowledge Engineering systems and seen that reasoning across diverse data sources can be a rich source of inferences.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 May 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6229, Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications IV, 622906 (9 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.666377
Show Author Affiliations
Mario E. Inchiosa, NuTech Solutions, Inc. (United States)
Miles T. Parker, NuTech Solutions, Inc. (United States)
Richard Perline, NuTech Solutions, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6229:
Intelligent Computing: Theory and Applications IV
Kevin L. Priddy; Emre Ertin, Editor(s)

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