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Proceedings Paper

Characterization of peroxide-based explosives by thermal analysis
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Paper Abstract

Peroxide-based explosives have become of increased interest mainly because they are easily prepared and are not detected by traditional detection devices. The thermal behavior of triacetone triperoxide (TATP), a cyclic peroxide explosive was characterized by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA). Dynamic and isothermal methods were used to characterize the sublimation process and to measure the vapor pressure at a temperature range under exothermic decomposition. The enthalpy of sublimation and kinetic parameters were estimated from direct mass loss rate measurements. Melting point, decomposition temperature and enthalpies of transitions were determined and compared to other known materials. The values were also compared to other recently reported values. The results of this study will help in the development of standoff detection technologies for improvised explosive devices using peroxide based materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 May 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6201, Sensors, and Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) Technologies for Homeland Security and Homeland Defense V, 62012B (10 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.666227
Show Author Affiliations
Michael L. Ramírez, Univ. de Puerto Rico Mayagüez (United States)
Leonardo C. Pacheco-Londoño, Univ. de Puerto Rico Mayagüez (United States)
Álvaro J. Peña, Univ. de Puerto Rico Mayagüez (United States)
Samuel P. Hernández-Rivera, Univ. de Puerto Rico Mayagüez (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6201:
Sensors, and Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) Technologies for Homeland Security and Homeland Defense V
Edward M. Carapezza, Editor(s)

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