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Proceedings Paper

Development of photonic devices for MMW sensing and imaging
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Paper Abstract

In this paper we present several novel photonic technologies for sensing millimeter-wave (MMW) radiation for the imaging and spectroscopy applications. Based on the optical up-conversion approach, our high-sensitivity MMW imaging system transfers the power of MMW radiation received from a broadband horn antenna to the sidebands on an optical carrier via an electrooptic (EO) modulator. The detection is realized by measuring the transferred optical power of the sidebands. The sensitivity of this detection system is primarily controlled by the conversion efficiency of the EO modulator at the desired MMW frequency. In this paper, we present the design, fabrication, and characteristics of the ultra-broadband LiNbO3 traveling-wave modulator for the MMW detection system working at a frequency of 95 GHz. A numerical model based on the finite element analysis technique has developed to optimize the device geometric parameters and the fabrication processes. A modulation efficiency of ~0.9 W-1 at 95 GHz has been achieved for the optimized modulator, which corresponds to the half-wave voltages of 9 V and 18 V, at DC and 95 GHz, respectively. The detection pixel based on those modulators has shown a high sensibility with a noise equivalent temperature difference of ~17K at a refreshing rate of 30 Hz.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6232, Intelligent Integrated Microsystems, 62320Q (18 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.665244
Show Author Affiliations
C. J. Huang, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Christopher Schuetz, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Rownak Shireen, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Timothy Hwang, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Shouyuan Shi, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Dennis W. Prather, Univ. of Delaware (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6232:
Intelligent Integrated Microsystems
Ravindra A. Athale; John C. Zolper, Editor(s)

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