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Proceedings Paper

FEA simulation, design, and fabrication of an uncooled MEMS capacitive thermal detector for infrared FPA imaging
Author(s): Weidong Wang; Vandana Upadhyay; Christel Munoz; John Bumgarner; Oliver Edwards
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Paper Abstract

This paper reports modeling, simulation, design and fabrication results for an uncooled MEMS capacitive thermal detector for IR focal plane array (FPA) imaging. Finite element analysis (FEA) was used to simulate the thermal and thermal-structural behaviors of the device. Sensitivity and thermal response time were simulated, as well as noise equivalent temperature difference (NETD). The detector structure consists of a suspended IR absorption/capacitive plate (100μm×100μm) made of Si3N4/Pt. The first section of each supporting arm has a bilayer structure, which consists of a SiO2 layer and a thick Al layer. The arm and the plate exhibit an out of plane movement due to a bilayer effect caused by temperature rise under IR radiation. This results in a capacitive sensing signal. The second section of each arm has a SiO2 layer and a very thin Al layer to serve as thermal isolation, as well as an electrical connection for capacitive sensing signal. A FEA parametric model was created and several key dimensions of the structure were simulated for better performance. Especially, the thicknesses of Al thermal isolation layer and bilayer were evaluated regarding sensitivity and thermal time constant. For a 0.8μm bilayer Al thickness and a 30nm isolation layer Al thickness, a simulated displacement sensitivity of 0.83nm/(pW⋅μm-2) was achieved. Subsequent NETD calculations predicted a temperature fluctuation NETD of 3.4mK, a background fluctuation NETD of 1.0mK, a thermal-mechanical NETD of 9.2mK, a capacitive readout NETD of 7.4mK, and a total NETD of 12.3mK, with a 18.6ms thermal time constant. Following the design for the photomasks, fabrication processes were developed and the detectors were fabricated successfully.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6206, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXII, 62061L (17 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.665080
Show Author Affiliations
Weidong Wang, Univ. of South Florida (United States)
Vandana Upadhyay, Univ. of South Florida (United States)
Christel Munoz, Univ. of South Florida (United States)
John Bumgarner, Univ. of South Florida (United States)
Oliver Edwards, Zyberwear, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6206:
Infrared Technology and Applications XXXII
Bjørn F. Andresen; Gabor F. Fulop; Paul R. Norton, Editor(s)

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