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Proceedings Paper

Irma 5.1 multi-sensor signature prediction model
Author(s): James Savage; Charles Coker; Dave Edwards; Bea Thai; Omar Aboutalib; Anthony Chow; Neil Yamaoka; Charles Kim
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Paper Abstract

The Irma synthetic signature prediction code is being developed to facilitate the research and development of multi-sensor systems. Irma was one of the first high resolution, physics-based Infrared (IR) target and background signature models to be developed for tactical weapon applications. Originally developed in 1980 by the Munitions Directorate of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/MN), the Irma model was used exclusively to generate IR scenes. In 1988, a number of significant upgrades to Irma were initiated including the addition of a laser (or active) channel. This two-channel version was released to the user community in 1990. In 1992, an improved scene generator was incorporated into the Irma model, which supported correlated frame-to-frame imagery. A passive IR/millimeter wave (MMW) code was completed in 1994. This served as the cornerstone for the development of the co-registered active/passive IR/MMW model, Irma 4.0. In 2000, Irma version 5.0 was released which encompassed several upgrades to both the physical models and software. Circular polarization was added to the passive channel, and a Doppler capability was added to the active MMW channel. In 2002, the multibounce technique was added to the Irma passive channel. In the ladar channel, a user-friendly Ladar Sensor Assistant (LSA) was incorporated which provides capability and flexibility for sensor modeling. Irma 5.0 runs on several platforms including Windows, Linux, Solaris, and SGI Irix. Irma is currently used to support a number of civilian and military applications. The Irma user base includes over 130 agencies within the Air Force, Army, Navy, DARPA, NASA, Department of Transportation, academia, and industry. In 2005, Irma version 5.1 was released to the community. In addition to upgrading the Ladar channel code to an object oriented language (C++) and providing a new graphical user interface to construct scenes, this new release significantly improves the modeling of the ladar channel and includes polarization effects, time jittering, speckle effect, and atmospheric turbulence. More importantly, the Munitions Directorate has funded three field tests to verify and validate the re-engineered ladar channel. Each of the field tests was comprehensive and included one month of sensor characterization and a week of data collection. After each field test, the analysis included comparisons of Irma predicted signatures with measured signatures, and if necessary, refining the model to produce realistic imagery. This paper will focus on two areas of the Irma 5.1 development effort: report on the analysis results of the validation and verification of the Irma 5.1 ladar channel, and the software development plan and validation efforts of the Irma passive channel. As scheduled, the Irma passive code is being re-engineered using object oriented language (C++), and field data collection is being conducted to validate the re-engineered passive code. This software upgrade will remove many constraints and limitations of the legacy code including limits on image size and facet counts. The field test to validate the passive channel is expected to be complete in the second quarter of 2006.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 May 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6239, Targets and Backgrounds XII: Characterization and Representation, 62390C (4 May 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.665066
Show Author Affiliations
James Savage, U.S. Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Charles Coker, U.S. Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Dave Edwards, U.S. Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Bea Thai, Northrop Grumman Corp. (United States)
Omar Aboutalib, Northrop Grumman Corp. (United States)
Anthony Chow, Northrop Grumman Corp. (United States)
Neil Yamaoka, Northrop Grumman Corp. (United States)
Charles Kim, Northrop Grumman Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6239:
Targets and Backgrounds XII: Characterization and Representation
Wendell R. Watkins; Dieter Clement, Editor(s)

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