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Proceedings Paper

Surface tension of molten nickel-chromium alloy
Author(s): F. Xiao; C. H. Du; Y. Fu; R. H. Yang; P. Yao
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Paper Abstract

The surface tension of molten Ni and Ni-Cr (5 and 10 mass fraction) alloys was measured at temperatures of 1773 K ~ 1873 K using an improved sessile drop method with an alumina substrate in an Ar+3%H2 atmosphere. The surface tension of molten Ni and Ni-Cr (5 and 10 mass fraction) alloys was found to decrease with increasing temperature. On the basis of the experimental data obtained, the surface tension was also theoretically deduced both as functions of concentration and temperature using a model of Butler's equation. The results agreed well with a model for the surface tension. The difference between the experimental data and deduced data may be caused by the measurement error, the assumptions for a surface such as monolayer atom, and the differences in the energy of the Gibbs' free energy of the surface. Chromium was found to segregate on the surface of molten alloys.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 March 2006
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 6040, ICMIT 2005: Mechatronics, MEMS, and Smart Materials, 60402M (21 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.664272
Show Author Affiliations
F. Xiao, Chongqing Institute of Technology (China)
C. H. Du, Chongqing Institute of Technology (China)
Y. Fu, Chongqing Institute of Technology (China)
R. H. Yang, Chongqing Institute of Technology (China)
P. Yao, Chongqing Institute of Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6040:
ICMIT 2005: Mechatronics, MEMS, and Smart Materials
Yunlong Wei; Kil To Chong; Takayuki Takahashi; Shengping Liu; Zushu Li; Zhongwei Jiang; Jin Young Choi, Editor(s)

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