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Proceedings Paper

2.5 dimension structures in deep proton lithography
Author(s): Rafal Kasztelanic
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Paper Abstract

There are several technologies for cheap mass fabrication of microelements. One of them is deep proton lithography, used for the fabrication of elements of high structural depth. In this technology, accelerated protons are usually focused or formed by a mask to light a target. The energy of the proton beam is enough for all the protons to get through the target, losing only a part of their kinesthetic energy. Protons leaving the target are counted in various ways, thanks to which it is possible to estimate the energy deposed inside the target. In the next step chemical development is used to get rid of the radiated part of the target. With the use of this method, various 2D microelements can be obtained and the proton beam plays the role of a knife, cutting out the required shapes from the material. However, in order to make elements of modified surface (2.5D surface) it is necessary to change the energy of the proton beam or to change the dose deposed inside the material. The current article presents a proposal of creating simple 2.5D structures with the use of the method modifying the deposed does. This entails the modification of the deep proton lithography setup, which results moving the part for measuring the deposed dose of energy before the target. Additionally, the new deep proton lithography setup operates in the air. This article presents the results of simulations, as well as experimental results for such a setup built for the tandem accelerator in Erlangen, Germany.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 April 2006
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6185, Micro-Optics, VCSELs, and Photonic Interconnects II: Fabrication, Packaging, and Integration, 61851G (21 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.663136
Show Author Affiliations
Rafal Kasztelanic, Warsaw Univ. (Poland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6185:
Micro-Optics, VCSELs, and Photonic Interconnects II: Fabrication, Packaging, and Integration
Hugo Thienpont; Mohammad R. Taghizadeh; Peter Van Daele; Jürgen Mohr, Editor(s)

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