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Proceedings Paper

The sonic window: second generation results
Author(s): William F. Walker; Michael I. Fuller; Edward V. Brush; Matthew D. C. Eames; Kevin Owen; Karthik Ranganathan; Travis N. Blalock; John A. Hossack
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Paper Abstract

Medical Ultrasound Imaging is widely used clinically because of its relatively low cost, portability, lack of ionizing radiation, and real-time nature. However, even with these advantages ultrasound has failed to permeate the broad array of clinical applications where its use could be of value. A prime example of this untapped potential is the routine use of ultrasound to guide intravenous access. In this particular application existing systems lack the required portability, low cost, and ease-of-use required for widespread acceptance. Our team has been working for a number of years to develop an extremely low-cost, pocket-sized, and intuitive ultrasound imaging system that we refer to as the "Sonic Window." We have previously described the first generation Sonic Window prototype that was a bench-top device using a 1024 element, fully populated array operating at a center frequency of 3.3 MHz. Through a high degree of custom front-end integration combined with multiplexing down to a 2 channel PC based digitizer this system acquired a full set of RF data over a course of 512 transmit events. While initial results were encouraging, this system exhibited limitations resulting from low SNR, relatively coarse array sampling, and relatively slow data acquisition. We have recently begun assembling a second-generation Sonic Window system. This system uses a 3600 element fully sampled array operating at 5.0 MHz with a 300 micron element pitch. This system extends the integration of the first generation system to include front-end protection, pre-amplification, a programmable bandpass filter, four sample and holds, and four A/D converters for all 3600 channels in a set of custom integrated circuits with a combined area smaller than the 1.8 x 1.8 cm footprint of the transducer array. We present initial results from this front-end and present benchmark results from a software beamformer implemented on the Analog Devices BF-561 DSP. We discuss our immediate plans for further integration and testing. This second prototype represents a major reduction in size and forms the foundation of a fully functional, fully integrated, pocket sized prototype.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 March 2006
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 6147, Medical Imaging 2006: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing, 61470B (16 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.661507
Show Author Affiliations
William F. Walker, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
PocketSonics, Inc. (United States)
Michael I. Fuller, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
Edward V. Brush, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
Matthew D. C. Eames, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
Kevin Owen, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
Karthik Ranganathan, PocketSonics, Inc. (United States)
Travis N. Blalock, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
PocketSonics, Inc. (United States)
John A. Hossack, Univ. of Virginia (United States)
PocketSonics, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6147:
Medical Imaging 2006: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing
Stanislav Emelianov; William F. Walker, Editor(s)

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