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Proceedings Paper

Vibration control of beams using constrained layer damping with functionally graded viscoelastic cores: theory and experiments
Author(s): A. El-Sabbagh; A. Baz
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Paper Abstract

Conventionally, the viscoelastic cores of Constrained Layer Damping (CLD) treatments are made of materials that have uniform shear modulus. Under such conditions, it is well-recognized that these treatments are only effective near their edges where the shear strains attain their highest values. In order to enhance the damping characteristics of the CLD treatments, we propose to manufacture the cores from Functionally Graded ViscoElastic Materials (FGVEM) that have optimally selected gradient of the shear modulus over the length of the treatments. With such optimized distribution of the shear modulus, the shear strain can be enhanced, and the energy dissipation can be maximized. The theory governing the vibration of beams treated with CLD, that has functionally graded viscoelastic cores, is presented using the finite element method (FEM). The predictions of the FEM are validated experimentally for plain beams, beams treated conventional CLD, and beams with CLD/FGVEM of different configurations. The obtained results indicate a close agreement between theory and experiments. Furthermore, the obtained results demonstrate the effectiveness of the new class of CLD with functionally graded cores in enhancing the energy dissipation over the conventional CLD over a broad frequency band. Extension of the proposed one-dimensional beam/CLD/FGVEM system to more complex structures is a natural extension to the present study.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 March 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6169, Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Damping and Isolation, 61690O (17 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.658467
Show Author Affiliations
A. El-Sabbagh, Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)
A. Baz, Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6169:
Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Damping and Isolation
William W. Clark; Mehdi Ahmadian; Arnold Lumsdaine, Editor(s)

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