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Proceedings Paper

Effect of nanoparticulate fillers on the deformation behavior of NafionTM-based ionic polymer metal composite
Author(s): Vinh Khanh Nguyen; Hyoung-tae Lim; Jang Woo Lee; Youngtai Yoo
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Paper Abstract

Incorporation of small amounts (3-7 wt%) of nanoparticles such as layered silicate (MMT), silica, and carbon nanotube (CNT) may greatly alter important mechanical and electrical properties of NafionTM matrix. These fillers can be easily modified and functionalized to implement unique properties of IPMC. Our recent study indicates that Nafion/MMT, Nafion/silicates composites can be prepared with nano-scale dispersion. Most of IPMCs based on Nafion nanocomposite exhibit improved displacements and blocking forces compared to pure NafionTM based IPMC. Due to the barrier property and hygroscopic nature of silicates, water loss of IPMC under dc voltage is greatly reduced, which prolong the service life of IPMC. In the case of Nafion / layered silicate nanocomposite, however, response is slow due to the barrier effect of the clay platelet; while in Nafion / silica and Nafion / CNT systems, response rate is comparable with that of conventional IPMC. Improvement in mechanical properties and relaxation was achieved without any significant loss of important properties.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6168, Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD), 616813 (15 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.658144
Show Author Affiliations
Vinh Khanh Nguyen, Konkuk Univ. (South Korea)
Hyoung-tae Lim, Konkuk Univ. (South Korea)
Jang Woo Lee, Konkuk Univ. (South Korea)
Youngtai Yoo, Konkuk Univ. (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6168:
Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD)
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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