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Proceedings Paper

Metallic nanoparticles as optoacoustic contrast agents for medical imaging
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Paper Abstract

A contrast agent for optoacoustic imaging and laser therapy of early tumors is being developed based on gold nanocolloids strongly absorbing visible and near-infrared light. The optoacoustic signals obtained from gold nanospheres and gold nanorods solutions are studied. In the case of 100 nm nanospheres as an example, a sharp increase in the total area under the curve of the optoacoustic signal is observed when the laser fluence is increased beyond a threshold value of about 0.1 J/cm2. The change in the optoacoustic signal profile is attributed to the formation of water vapor bubbles around heated nanoparticles, as evidenced via thermoacoustic microscopy experiments. It has been determined that, surprisingly, gold nanoparticles fail to generate detectable nanobubbles upon irradiation at the laser fluence of ~2 mJ/cm2, which heats the nanoparticles up to 374°C, the critical temperature of water. Only when the estimated temperature of the particle reaches about 10,000°C, a marked increase of the optoacoustic pressure amplitude and a changed profile of the optoacoustic signals indicate nanobubble formation. A nanoparticle based contrast agent is the most effective if it can be activate by laser pulses with low fluence attainable in the depth of tissue. With this goal in mind, we develop targeting protocols that form clusters of gold nanocolloid in the target cells in order to lower the bubble formation threshold below the level of optical fluence allowed for safe laser illumination of skin. Experiments and modeling suggest that formation of clusters of nanocolloids may improve the sensitivity of optoacoustic imaging in the detection of early stage tumors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 March 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6086, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2006: The Seventh Conference on Biomedical Thermoacoustics, Optoacoustics, and Acousto-optics, 60860K (6 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.658065
Show Author Affiliations
Andre Conjusteau, Fairway Medical Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Sergey A. Ermilov, Fairway Medical Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Dmitri Lapotko, A.V. Luikov Heat and Mass Transfer Institute (Belarus)
Hongwei Liao, Rice Univ. (United States)
Jason Hafner, Rice Univ. (United States)
Mohammad Eghtedari, Univ. of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston (United States)
Massoud Motamedi, Univ. of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston (United States)
Nicholas Kotov, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Alexander A. Oraevsky, Fairway Medical Technologies, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6086:
Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2006: The Seventh Conference on Biomedical Thermoacoustics, Optoacoustics, and Acousto-optics
Alexander A. Oraevsky; Lihong V. Wang, Editor(s)

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