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Proceedings Paper

Sensor placement optimization in structural health monitoring using genetic and evolutionary algorithms
Author(s): Huidong Gao; Joseph L. Rose
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Paper Abstract

An optimized sensor design and sensor placement strategy will be extremely beneficial to both safety ensuring and cost reduction considerations of structural health monitoring systems. A new framework for structural health monitoring sensor placement optimization was recently developed at Pennsylvania State University based on genetic and evolutionary computation. The formulation of the optimization problem is to minimize the damage misdetection rate as well as to minimize the number of sensors by searching the optimized patterns of sensor placement topology on the feasible region of the structure being monitored. Two types of SHM sensors are considered. One is a single sensor scenario; the other is an actuator-damage-sensor scenario. The program was applied to a sample sensor placement problem of an aging aircraft wing. Optimized sensor placement designs are obtained. The tradeoff relationship between the sensor performance, sensor number, and the overall sensor network performance are also presented in this paper.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 April 2006
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6174, Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems, 617410 (11 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.657889
Show Author Affiliations
Huidong Gao, Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Joseph L. Rose, Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6174:
Smart Structures and Materials 2006: Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems
Masayoshi Tomizuka; Chung-Bang Yun; Victor Giurgiutiu, Editor(s)

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