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Proceedings Paper

Sub-100nm trackwidth development by e-beam lithography for advanced magnetic recording heads
Author(s): Jei-Wei Chang; Chao-Peng Chen
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Paper Abstract

Although semiconductor industry ramps the products with 90 nm much quicker than anticipated [1], magnetic recording head manufacturers still have difficulties in producing sub-100 nm read/write trackwidth. Patterning for high-aspectratio writer requires much higher depth of focus (DOF) than most advanced optical lithography, including immersion technique developed recently [2]. Self-aligning reader with its stabilized bias requires a bi-layer lift-off structure where the underlayer is narrower than the top image layer. As the reader's trackwidth is below 100nm, the underlayer becomes very difficult to control. Among available approaches, e-beam lithography remains the most promising one to overcome the challenge of progressive miniaturization. In this communication, the authors discussed several approaches using ebeam lithography to achieve sub-100 nm read/write trackwidth. Our studies indicated the suspended resist bridge design can not only widen the process window for lift-off process but also makes 65 nm trackwidth feasible to manufacture. Necked dog-bone structure seems to be the best design in this application due to less proximity effects from adjacent structures and minimum blockages for ion beam etching. The trackwidth smaller than 65 nm can be fabricated via the combination of e-beam lithography with auxiliary slimming and/or trimming. However, deposit overspray through undercut becomes dominated in such a small dimension. To minimize the overspray, the effects of underlayer thickness need to be further studied.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 March 2006
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6151, Emerging Lithographic Technologies X, 61513B (24 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.654547
Show Author Affiliations
Jei-Wei Chang, Headway Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Chao-Peng Chen, Headway Technologies, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6151:
Emerging Lithographic Technologies X
Michael J. Lercel, Editor(s)

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