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Proceedings Paper

New microangiography system development providing improved small vessel imaging, increased contrast-to-noise ratios, and multiview 3D reconstructions
Author(s): Andrew T. Kuhls; Vikas Patel; Ciprian Ionita; Peter B. Noël; Alan M. Walczak; Hussain S. Rangwala; Kenneth R. Hoffmann; Stephen Rudin
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Paper Abstract

A new microangiographic system (MA) integrated into a c-arm gantry has been developed allowing precise placement of a MA at the exact same angle as the standard x-ray image intensifier (II) with unchanged source and object position. The MA can also be arbitrarily moved about the object and easily moved into the field of view (FOV) in front of the lower resolution II when higher resolution angiographic sequences are needed. The benefits of this new system are illustrated in a neurovascular study, where a rabbit is injected with contrast media for varying oblique angles. Digital subtraction angiographic (DSA) images were obtained and compared using both the MA and II detectors for the same projection view. Vessels imaged with the MA appear sharper with smaller vessels visualized. Visualization of ~100 μm vessels was possible with the MA whereas not with the II. Further, the MA could better resolve vessel overlap. Contrast to noise ratios (CNR) were calculated for vessels of varying sizes for the MA versus the II and were found to be similar for large vessels, approximately double for medium vessels, and infinitely better for the smallest vessels. In addition, a 3D reconstruction of selected vessel segments was performed, using multiple (three) projections at oblique angles, for each detector. This new MA/II integrated system should lead to improved diagnosis and image guidance of neurovascular interventions by enabling initial guidance with the low resolution large FOV II combined with use of the high resolution MA during critical parts of diagnostic and interventional procedures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 March 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6142, Medical Imaging 2006: Physics of Medical Imaging, 61423M (2 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.653654
Show Author Affiliations
Andrew T. Kuhls, Toshiba Stroke Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo/SUNY (United States)
Vikas Patel, Toshiba Stroke Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo/SUNY (United States)
Ciprian Ionita, Toshiba Stroke Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo/SUNY (United States)
Peter B. Noël, Toshiba Stroke Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo/SUNY (United States)
Alan M. Walczak, Toshiba Stroke Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo/SUNY (United States)
Hussain S. Rangwala, Toshiba Stroke Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo/SUNY (United States)
Kenneth R. Hoffmann, Toshiba Stroke Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo/SUNY (United States)
Stephen Rudin, Toshiba Stroke Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo/SUNY (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6142:
Medical Imaging 2006: Physics of Medical Imaging
Michael J. Flynn; Jiang Hsieh, Editor(s)

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