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Proceedings Paper

Radial intensity projection for lumen: application to CT angiographic imaging
Author(s): Hiroto Kokubun; Osamu Miyazaki; Hiromitsu Hayashi
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Paper Abstract

For the diagnosis of lumen, such as plaque in the coronary and polyp in the colon, it is important to create the cross sectional image of tubular organ on the basis of luminal centerline (i.e., Curved Planar Reformation: CPR). However, since each CPR image has the only limited angle information, it may overlook objects of diagnostic importance. To overcome this limitation and improve diagnostic accuracy we have developed a method called Radial Intensity Projection for lumen (RIP) to create an image based on luminal centerline that integrates all directional information. RIP is executed as follows. At first image processing is performed on array of pixel in the orthogonal direction to a luminal centerline. Secondly, this image processing is performed repeatedly in the angle direction along a luminal centerline. Finally, RIP image, which incorporates all directional information based on luminal centerline, is created. In addition to developing the RIP method for the diagnosis of soft plaque, which is considered as one of the main causes of myocardial infarction, we have also developed the profile step imaging method (PSI). This is an algorithm for visualizing a level gradient point in the radial direction, paying attention to the fact that the gradient approaches zero at the region of soft plaque. We applied RIP method to the clinical image data of a coronary angiography, which has been scanned with the multi slice CT scanner. Using RIP method, it is possible to check the existence of calcified plaque present in the surrounding of a vessel wall without changing the view angle. We have also applied PSI method to the clinical image of a coronary angiography with a soft plaque. The PSI image overlaid on RIP image enables us to verify the high possibility of existing soft plaque. Moreover, the perspectively mapped RIP image to a half pipe object allows us to grasp the orientation of plaque more easily. RIP method is also effective for extended organs, such as peripheral vascular. Using RIP image as a guide for other image processing, it is possible to improve the effectiveness of diagnosis while simplify the diagnosis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2006
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6142, Medical Imaging 2006: Physics of Medical Imaging, 61424R (3 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.651498
Show Author Affiliations
Hiroto Kokubun, Hitachi Medical Corp. (Japan)
Osamu Miyazaki, Hitachi Medical Corp. (Japan)
Hiromitsu Hayashi, Nippon Medical School (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6142:
Medical Imaging 2006: Physics of Medical Imaging
Michael J. Flynn; Jiang Hsieh, Editor(s)

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