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Proceedings Paper

Tracking adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope
Author(s): R. Daniel Ferguson; Daniel X. Hammer; Chad E. Bigelow; Nicusor V. Iftimia; Teoman E. Ustun; Stephen A. Burns; Ann E. Elsner; David R. Williams
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Paper Abstract

Active image stabilization for an adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope (AOSLO) was developed and tested in human subjects. The tracking device, a high speed, closed-loop optical servo which uses retinal features as tracking target, is separate from AOSLO optical path. The tracking system and AOSLO beams are combined via a dichroic beam splitter in front of the eye. The primary tracking system galvanometer mirrors follow the motion of the eye. The AOSLO raster is stabilized by a secondary set of galvanometer mirrors in the AOSLO optical train which are "slaved" to the primary mirrors with fixed scaling factors to match the angular gains of the optical systems. The AO system (at 830 nm) uses a MEMS-based deformable mirror (Boston Micromachines Inc.) for wave-front correction. The third generation retinal tracking system achieves a bandwidth of greater than 1 kHz allowing acquisition of stabilized AO images with an accuracy of <10 μm. However, such high tracking bandwidth, required for tracking saccades, results in finite tracking position noise which is evident in AOSLO images. By means of filtering algorithms, the AOSLO raster is made to follow the eye accurately with reduced tracking noise artifacts. The system design includes simultaneous presentation of non-AO, wide-field (~40 deg) live reference image captured with a line scanning laser ophthalmoscope (LSLO) typically operating from 900 to 940nm. High-magnification (1-2 deg) AOSLO retinal scans easily positioned on the retina in a drag-and-drop manner. Normal adult human volunteers were tested to optimize the tracking instrumentation and to characterize AOSLO imaging performance. Automatic blink detection and tracking re-lock, enabling reacquisition without operator intervention, were also tested. The tracking-enhanced AOSLO may become a useful tool for eye research and for early detection and treatment of retinal diseases.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 March 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6138, Ophthalmic Technologies XVI, 613810 (7 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.649332
Show Author Affiliations
R. Daniel Ferguson, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Daniel X. Hammer, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Chad E. Bigelow, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Nicusor V. Iftimia, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Teoman E. Ustun, Physical Sciences Inc. (United States)
Stephen A. Burns, Indiana Univ. School of Optometry (United States)
Ann E. Elsner, Indiana Univ. School of Optometry (United States)
David R. Williams, Univ. of Rochester (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6138:
Ophthalmic Technologies XVI
Fabrice Manns; Per G. Söderberg; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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