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Proceedings Paper

Direct alignment of nematic liquid crystal molecule using atomic force microscope nano-rubbing
Author(s): Itaru Nishiyama; Norio Yoshida; Mizue Ebisawa; Atsuo Takayanagi; Yukitoshi Otani; Norihiro Umeda
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Paper Abstract

The orientation control of liquid crystal (LC) molecular on the polyimide film has been necessary to fabricate LC devices. Nano-rubbing by atomic force microscope (AFM) has been proposed as the one of methods to control it precisely. In the method, a thin polyimide film was rubbed by a sharpened AFM probe-tip with relatively strong load force. However, the method has some drawbacks; the frictional wear of AFM probe-tip and the difficulty of reorientation after rubbing. In this paper, we have proposed the orientation control of LC on the polyimide film and using direct AFM nano-rubbing method with weak load forces. The change of LC alignment was quantitatively observed by a polarization microscope and birefringence-contrast scanning near-field optical microscope. The effect of scanning density was strong for azimuth angle but the effect of the scanning velocity was weak for both retardation and azimuth angle. An optical switching device was developed utilized isotropic-nematic phase change of liquid crystal which was rubbed in the grating pattern with methyl red dying, and the optical device was operated at the frequency of 0.5Hz. As a result, The proposed method had an effective method to fabricate novel liquid crystal optical devices.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 December 2005
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 6050, Optomechatronic Micro/Nano Devices and Components, 605013 (6 December 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.648644
Show Author Affiliations
Itaru Nishiyama, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)
Norio Yoshida, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)
Mizue Ebisawa, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)
Atsuo Takayanagi, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)
Yukitoshi Otani, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)
Norihiro Umeda, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6050:
Optomechatronic Micro/Nano Devices and Components
Yoshitada Katagiri, Editor(s)

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