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Proceedings Paper

Dual-LED imaging system for secure fingerprint identification
Author(s): Ichiro Fujieda; Katsuki Tai; Etsuji Matsuyama; Masashi Kurita
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Paper Abstract

Counterfeiting a finger will become an important issue for unattended fingerprint identification. To fight against this threat, we have proposed to look at the color changes in a deformed finger during an input action. When a finger is pressed upon an optical fingerprint sensor, it is gradually deformed and the color of the fingerprint images changes. This is due to the blood movements inside the finger. If the extent of this color change exceeds a certain threshold, we judge that the finger is alive. In this paper, we report on the spectral changes of the light scattered by a deformed finger first. As the pressure applied to the finger increases, the relative intensity of the red portion of the spectrum decreases. Even after the pressure is off, it takes some time for this intensity to recover to its original value. Second, we discuss a dual-LED imaging system based on scattered light detection. Here, red and green-emitting LEDs are mounted on an edge of a plastic plate which serves as a light-guide. The light scattered by a finger placed on this light-guide is captured by a standard color camera. Based on the experiments conducted on several types of replicas as well as 42 volunteers, we show that this system is capable of identifying the live fingers. Signal extraction process is investigated for stable separation between live fingers and replicas. A model based on the blood movement inside a finger is developed. A mobility-index is proposed and is correlated with the ages of the volunteers participated in this study.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 December 2005
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6049, Optomechatronic Sensors and Instrumentation, 60490B (6 December 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.648588
Show Author Affiliations
Ichiro Fujieda, Ritsumeikan Univ. (Japan)
Katsuki Tai, Ritsumeikan Univ. (Japan)
Etsuji Matsuyama, Ritsumeikan Univ. (Japan)
Masashi Kurita, Ritsumeikan Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6049:
Optomechatronic Sensors and Instrumentation

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